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Types of criminal exploitation

Trafficking and modern day Slavery

Modern day slavery is any form of forced human exploitation for labour or service, such as human trafficking and forced labour.

This can include debt bondage, where a person is forced to work for free to pay off a debt, child slavery, forced marriage, domestic servitude and forced labour, where victims are made to work through violence and intimidation.

Modern Slavery is the term used within the UK and is defined within the Modern Slavery Act 2015.

These crimes include holding a person in a position of slavery, servitude forced or compulsory labour, or facilitating their travel with the intention of exploiting them soon after.

Although human trafficking often involves an international cross-border element, it is also possible to be a victim of modern slavery within your own country.

It is possible to be a victim even if consent has been given to be moved. Children cannot give consent to being exploited therefore the element of coercion or deception does not need to be present to prove an offence.

Services that can support you and your family

Website: BACA (opens in a new window) supports young forced migrants who arrive as unaccompanied asylum seekers including those that have been trafficked, to rebuild their lives, integrate into a community and use their experience positively.

Website: The Children's Society (opens in a new window)

Website: Every Child Protected Against Trafficking (ECPAT UK) (opens in a new window) is a leading children's rights organisation working to protect children from trafficking and transnational exploitation

Website: National referral Mechanism (NRM) Refer potential victims of modern slavery and human trafficking to the national referral mechanism. GOV.UK (opens in a new window) or call the 24 hour helpline on 0800 0121700.

Website: Modern Day Slavery helpline (opens in a new window)

Website: NSPCC (opens in a new window)

Website: NWG Network Tackling Child Sexual Exploitation (opens in a new window)

Website: Stop the Traffick (opens in a new window)

Webste: UNICEF (opens in a new window for every child

Website: Unseen (opens in a new window)

Worcestershire County Council: Child employment

Worcestershire County Council: Safeguarding and Quality Assurance