Landscape Character Assessment

Land Management Guidelines

Tailoring Advice

It is essential to note at the outset that any advice given on these pages and in the advice sheets is intended to act only as a guideline for the area in general terms, based on the key characteristics of the generic Landscape Type as well as fundamental trends in condition that have been noted for that Landscape Type within the county.

Being at such a broad-brush scale, it does not replace the need for site survey or expert advice specific to any planned work. Suggestions will need to be interpreted within the context of each individual site as variation will occur within areas being identified as the same Landscape Type.

They may, for example, contain features such as parkland or commons which are too small in themselves to be considered as landscapes in their own right but which are valuable contributors to the identity of the area. Specific management guidelines would need to be prepared for such sites rather than the general ones proposed for the Landscape Type as a whole.

Key Characteristics

The management suggestions for each Landscape Type are based, on a consideration of both the inherent characteristics of Landscape Type and the general concerns regarding the challenges to the condition of those characteristics in the landscape today.

Each Landscape Type possesses significant (key) characteristics that are the greatest contributors to defining the character of that landscape. For example, the key characteristics of the High Hills and Slopes Landscape Type (as seen, in Worcestershire, on the summits and upper slopes of the Malvern Hills) are:

Primary characteristics

  • Prominent area of highland topography
  • Unsettled with few signs of habitation
  • Open and exposed with panoramic views
  • Unenclosed
  • Extensive areas of acid grassland

Secondary characteristics

  • Rough grazing
  • Absence of woodland


The key characteristics of each Landscape Type are given in their own advice sheet. Alternatively, you can access the information from the Landscape Type pages or by using the Info tool in the mapping portal.

Advice Categories


Generally, the landscape guidelines for each Landscape Type relate to the following four categories of advice:

  • Conservation - indicates an emphasis on conserving and managing the pattern and key elements present in the landscape; applied in landscapes where the inherent character is still well represented today
  • Restoration - indicates an emphasis on restoring or replacing landscape features or habitats that have been lost – applied in landscapes where some elements are poorly represented or fragmented
  • Enhancement - indicates an emphasis on strengthening existing features, adding to them or maintaining links between them, perhaps compensating for features that have been lost – e.g. enhancement of watercourse tree cover and corridors as a means of improving habitat linkage in landscapes (e.g. arable) where hedgerows no longer retain their functional value and are less likely to be replaced
  • Re-creation - indicates an emphasis on creating or re-introducing landscape features or habitats that may have been lost from the landscape but which have a valuable role in the historical development of that landscape or which have substantial biodiversity value – e.g. opportunities to convert drained arable land back to wet pasture.