Types of criminal exploitation

Trafficking and modern day Slavery

Modern day slavery is any form of forced human exploitation for labour or service, such as human trafficking and forced labour.

This can include debt bondage, where a person is forced to work for free to pay off a debt, child slavery, forced marriage, domestic servitude and forced labour, where victims are made to work through violence and intimidation.

Modern Slavery is the term used within the UK and is defined within the Modern Slavery Act 2015.

These crimes include holding a person in a position of slavery, servitude forced or compulsory labour, or facilitating their travel with the intention of exploiting them soon after.

Although human trafficking often involves an international cross-border element, it is also possible to be a victim of modern slavery within your own country.

It is possible to be a victim even if consent has been given to be moved. Children cannot give consent to being exploited therefore the element of coercion or deception does not need to be present to prove an offence.

Useful links

Advice and guidance from Worcestershire County Council: Child employment

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