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Different types of SEND

If a child has a Special Educational Need (SEN) their needs will fall into one or more of the following four areas:

Communicating and interacting

For example, a child or young person may:

  • have speech, language and communication difficulties which make it difficult for them to make sense of language
  • have speech, language and communication difficulties which make it difficult for them to understand how to communicate effectively and appropriately with others

Cognition and learning

For example, a child or young person may:

  • learn at a slower pace than others their age
  • have difficulty in understanding parts of the curriculum
  • have difficulties with organisation and memory skills
  • have a specific difficulty affecting one particular part of their learning performance such as in literacy or numeracy

Social, emotional and mental health difficulties

For example, a child or young person may:

  • have difficulty managing their relationships with other people
  • are withdrawn
  • behave in ways that may hinder their and other children's learning
  • behave in ways that have an impact on their health and wellbeing

Sensory and/or physical needs

For example, a child or young person may:

  • have a vision impairment and/or hearing impairments
  • have a physical need that means they must have additional ongoing support and equipment