Taken from Local Authority
Freight Management Guide (978KB).
Driver Rest Facilities and Lorry Parking
Over recent years HGV driver rest facilities and lorry parking
have become increasingly prominent issues facing local
authorities. Areas for goods vehicles to stop and park when
away from base play a vital role for freight operators to enable
their drivers to refresh themselves and maintain their
Driver rest facilities and lorry parking provide an important
support service to road freight, particularly for freight companies
based outside the region.
Lorry drivers are required to take both daily driving breaks and
overnight rest by the European Union Driver Hours Directive
3820/85. In addition to the health, safety and welfare of
drivers, inadequate lorry parking provision can have an adverse
impact upon other road users, and poor security can put cargo at
Over recent years, lorry park sites have been
under pressure from urban development. In these cases it is
important to focus on providing effective replacement facilities –
alternative sites can often become isolated from food and other
facilities needed by visiting drivers.
Well designed and strategically located lorry
parks can play a significant role in reducing the mileage run by
visiting lorries, promoting driver well-being, helping with
efficient deliveries and minimising disruption to
It is preferable for lorries to be parked at a
managed site that offers safe entry and egress and encourages goods
vehicles to park in a formal and well designed location, rather
parked in roadside lay-bys or on or adjacent to minor roads. Such
facilities also provide drivers with food and proper rest
facilities which help compliance with drivers' hours regulations,
and also contribute towards road safety.
Not one type of facility will fit all needs
and therefore the demand from drivers will differ depending on
there needs. The location, size and type will also be dependent on
the number and, frequency and road network etc.
In order to meet the likely various
needs and prevent inappropriate parking it is often necessary to
develop several different types of facility. The different types of
facility can be labelled under three categories.
- Free or very low price,
parking on lay-by, industrial estate or rough ground, with no
- May or may not have toilet
block and/or caravan selling hot food.
- There would be no other
facilities provided; drivers would have most of what they need in
- Site with toilet block and
- A café selling good value
for money meals.
- There would be some
facilities for entertainment, possibly a shop and TV lounge.
- The parking area would
normally be lit and reasonably surfaced but may not have many
- Good facilities particularly
geared to companies wanting vehicles parked at approved secure
- Lighting CCTV security
patrols site barrier and perimeter fencing are all important.
- The meals and driver
facilities would be of reasonable quality.
Site Selection Criteria
Common difficulties faced by local authorities
are the need to identify agreed sites and the lack of available
funding. Many authorities have also sold or allowed a change
of use of authority-owned land previously used for lorry
parking. Where an authority is intending to take such action,
consideration should be given to how the parking capacity lost can
The following should be taken into consideration:
- Availability of
- Proximity to area of
- Proximity to the strategic
road network, and substantial volumes of traffic.
- Good access and egress
between the site and the adjacent road network, and to the
strategic road network.
- Sufficient available area
for parking and development of facilities.
- Available space for
expansion (should demand increase)
- Provision of or proximity to
appropriate basic facilities.
- Sufficient immediate
separation from other land uses (such as residential)
- Consistency with land use
policy (e.g. Unitary Development Plans)
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This page was last reviewed 22 August 2012 at 14:53.
The page is next due for review 18 February 2014.